*NOTE: All scripture passages taken from The Scriptures 1998+ unless otherwise noted.
There seems to be some confusion on this subject and so I will attempt to relay this as accurately as possible based on what scripture reveals. Let’s first begin by listing these Mo’adim (Appointed Times) and what they are about.
Reviewing the first four (spring) Festivals reveals to us that Yeshua was crucified on Pesach, buried on Unleavened Bread, raised on First Fruits and given the Ruach on havu’ot. Since we haven’t seen the fulfillment of Trumpets yet it is evident that we remain under the orders of Shavu’ot.
We will begin with the first 4 Mo’adim that were fulfilled by Yeshua the Messiah.
The Passover: (Pesach) Nisan 14-15
[This is a memorial day. It is not one of the “annual Sabbaths” as work is not prohibited.] In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between the evenings, is the Passover to יהוה.
The Feast of Unleavened Bread: (Chag Hamotzi) – Nisan 15-22
[The first and last days of this feast are “annual Sabbaths”] And on the fifteenth day of this month is the Festival of Unleavened Bread to יהוה – seven days you eat unleavened bread. On the first day you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work. And you shall bring an offering made by fire to יהוה for seven days. On the seventh day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work. Leviticus 23:6-8
First Fruits: (Yom habikkurim) – Nisan 16-17
On the morrow after the Sabbath following Unleavened Bread, schedules the Feast of First Fruits, the feast for acknowledging the fertility of the land He gave the Israelites. They were to bring the early crops of their spring planting and “wave the sheaf before the Lord.” The modern mainstream church has come to call this feast “Easter,” named after Ishtar, the pagan goddess of fertility. We continue to revere objects of fertility such as the rabbit and the egg, but the First Fruits celebration was to be over God’s replanting of the earth in the spring. Today this feasts celebrates the resurrection of the Lord on First Fruits, which indeed occurred (plus, eventually, the resurrection of the entire body!)
There is no Temple and no priest serving in the Temple now to which we can bring our first fruits, but we can remember this command in other ways. The Bible instructs us to care for the widow, the orphan, the stranger and the Levite (Deuteronomy 26:12).
And he shall wave the sheaf before יהוה, for your acceptance. On the morrow after the Sabbath the priest waves it. Leviticus 23:11
Festival of Weeks: (Shavu’ot) – Sivan 6-7
(PENTECOST=50th day in Greek) (SHAVUOT or HAG HASHAVUOT) also known as Feast of the Harvest (HAG HAKATZIR) -Signified the origination of Israel as the Covenant people Of Adonai. We get the English word ‘Pentecost’ from a Greek word which means ‘fiftieth’. Pentecost comes from the command to count 50 days from the day after the Sabbath during Passover week. We find this in Leviticus:
And from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, you shall count for yourselves: seven completed Sabbaths. Until the morrow after the seventh Sabbath you count fifty days, then you shall bring a new grain offering to יהוה. Leviticus 23:15,16
The last 3 feasts which occur during the fall have not been fulfilled yet. Some teach that these feasts must be kept in Yerushalayim where Elohim puts his name, however the scriptures tell us in more than one place that if we are unable to travel there we can keep these feasts where we are. I will search and see if I can find those and add them here.
The fall Mo’adim (חגי הסתיו) prophetically indicate the great Day of the LORD (יוֹם־יְהוָה), the second coming of Yeshua, the great national turning of the Jewish people, and the establishment of the reign of the Messiah over the earth during the Millennial Kingdom:
Trumpets: (Yom Teru’ah) – Tishri 1
The beginning of the civil year. Signified the calling Israel to judgment Yom Teruah, The Day of Blowing the Shofar, occurs on the first day of the seventh month, the month of Tishri on the Biblical calendar, the month of Tishri. Because it occurs on the first day of the month, it is by definition also Rosh Chodesh, a new moon.
Atonement: (Yom Kippur) – Tishri 10
Leviticus 16:29 mandates establishment of this holy day on the 10th day of the 7th month as the day of atonement for sins. It calls it the Sabbath of Sabbaths and a day upon which one must afflict one’s soul. Leviticus 23:27 decrees that Yom Kippur is a strict day of rest.
And this shall be for you a law forever: In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you afflict your beings, and do no work, the native or the stranger who sojourns among you.
Tabernacles: (Sukkot) – Tishri 15-22
Sukkot or Succot (Hebrew: סוכות or סֻכּוֹת, sukkōt), in traditional Ashkenazi pronunciation Sukkos or Succos, literally Feast of Booths, is commonly translated to English as Feast of Tabernacles, sometimes also as Feast of the Ingathering.
The Feast of Tabernacles takes place on the 15th of the Hebrew month Tishri. This was the seventh month on the Hebrew calendar and usually occurs in late September to mid-October. The feast begins five days after the Day of Atonement and at the time the fall harvest had just been completed. It was a time of joyous celebration as the Israelites celebrated God’s continued provision for them in the current harvest and remembered His provision and protection during the 40 years in the wilderness.
As one of the three feasts that all “native born” male Jews were commanded to participate in, the Feast of Tabernacles is mentioned multiple times in Scripture, sometimes called the Feast of the Ingathering, the Feast to the Lord, or the Feast of Booths (Exodus 23:16; Deuteronomy 16:13). As one of the pilgrim feasts (when Jewish males were commanded to go to Jerusalem), it was also the time when they brought their tithes and offerings to the Temple (Deuteronomy 16:16).